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How about learning some Persian greetings before traveling to Iran? Whether you want to get a taxi, pay for your dinner or talk to the local people and interact with Iranians, you will need to know some Persian. For sure you will meet lots of Iranians who come to you to have a chat and maybe even hang out together. Remember, Modern Persian and Farsi are the same language.

 The fact is that learning Persian is not quite as easy for many people since the grammar structure is different to what they know and what they have been taught. Most of the Persian/Farsi alphabet is similar to the Arabic alphabet and there are lots of similar words in both languages. However, these two languages, are totally different due to the different grammar structure.

 

In Persian, the grammar is much simpler than Latin and Arabic and this simplicity makes it more complicated for non-natives to understand! For example, Persians use only one one pronoun for “He”, “She” and “It”! You can also easily switch to simpler forms of verbs whenever it is needed.

 

 All right, let’s forget about the grammar. There are a couple of Persian phrases you might need while traveling to Iran and talking to Iranians. Here is list of common, survival and useful Persian greetings and phrases written in English and Persian. The pronunciation is also included. Most of the sentences below are used for the everyday conversations, so they might come handy if you memorize them.

Greetings

Hi!

Salam!   ????

Good morning!

Sobh Be Kheyr!   ??? ??????

Good evening!

Asr be kheyr!   ??? ??????

Welcome! (to greet someone)

Khosh Amadid!   ??? ?????

How are you?

Shoma chetur hastin?   ??? ???? ?????

I'm fine, thanks!

Man khoobam, Mamnoon!   ?? ????. ?????

And you?

Va shoma chetor?   ? ??? ?????

Good/ So-So.

Khoob   ???

Thank you (very much)!

Kheili Mamnoon   ???? ?????

You're welcome! (for "thank you")

Khahesh Mikonam   ????? ??????

Hey! Friend!

Hey! Refigh!   ?? ! ????

I missed you so much!

Delam barat kheyli tang shodeh   ??? ???? ???? ??? ???

What's new? What’s up?

Che khabar?   ?? ????

Nothing much

Khabari nist   ???? ????

Good night!

Shab be kheyr   ?? ??????

See you later!

Ba’adan mibinamet   ???? ????????

Good bye!

Khoda Hafez   ???????

 

 Asking for Help and Direction

I'm lost

Man gom shodam   ?? ?? ???

Can I help you?

Mitoonam komaketoon konam?   ??????? ??????? ????

Can you help me?

Shoam mitoonid komakam konid?   ??? ???????? ???? ?????

Where is the (bathroom/ pharmacy)?

(dasht’shooi/daroo’khaneh) kojast?   (???????/????????) ??????

straight/left/right!

Mostaghim/Chap/Rast    ???????/???/????

I'm looking for john.

Man Donbale john migardam   ?? ????? ??? ???????

One moment please!

Yek lahzeh lotfan   ?? ???? ????

Hold on please! (phone)

Yek lahzeh lotfan   ?? ???? ????

How much is this?

Gheymatesh chande?   ????? ?????

Excuse me ...! (to ask for something)

Bebakhshid   ??????

Excuse me! ( to pass by)

Bebakhshid   ??????

Come with me!

Ba man bia   ?? ?? ???

 

How to Introduce Yourself

Do you speak (English/ Farsi)?

Aya shoma (Engilisi/Farsi) harf mizanid

??? ??? (???????/?????) ??? ?????? ?

Just a little.

Kami.   ???

What's your name?

Esm?-e shoma chie?   ??? ??? ????

My name is ...

Esm?-e man   ??? ?? ...

Mr.../ Mrs.…/ Miss…

Aghaye…/Khanoome…/Doshizeh   ???? ../????.../??????...

Nice to meet you!

Az molaghate shoma khosh halam   ?? ?????? ??? ??? ????

You're very kind!

Shoma kheyli mehrbanid   ??? ???? ????????

Where are you from?

Shoma ahleh koja hastid?    ??? ??? ??? ??????

I'm from (the U.S/ Iran)

Man az (America/ Iran) hastam   ?? ?? (?????? / ?????) ????

I'm (American)

Man America’ie hastam   ?? (????????) ????

Where do you live?

Shoma koja zendegi mikonid?   ??? ??? ????? ????????

I live in (the U.S/ Iran)

Man dar (America/ Iran) zendegi mikonam

?? ?? (?????? / ?????) ????? ??????

Did you like it here?

Shoma az inja khoshetoon oomade?   ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??????

Iran is a wonderful country

Iran keshvar e jalebi hast   ????? ???? ????? ???

What do you do for a living?

Shoghl-e shoma chist?   ??? ??? ?? ????

I work as a (translator/ businessman)

Man be onvane (motarjem/ tajer) kar mikonam

?? ?? ????? ?? (????? / ????) ??? ??????

I like Farsi

Man az zaban-e Farsi khosham miayad   ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??????

I've been learning Farsi for 1 month

Man yek mah hast ke Farsi yad migiram

?? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???????

Oh! That's good!

Oh, che khoob!   ???! ?? ????!

How old are you?

Chand salet hast?   ??? ???? ????

I'm (twenty, thirty...) years old.

Man (bist/ Si) sal daram   ?? (????/??) ??? ????

I have to go

Man bayad beram   ?? ???? ???

I will be right back!

Bar migardam!   ?????????

Wish someone something

 

Good luck!

Mo’afagh bashid   ???? ?????

Happy birthday!

Tavalodet mobarak!   ????? ??????!

Happy new year!

Sal-e no mobarak!   ??? ?? ??????!

Merry Christmas!

Kirismass Mobarak   ?????? ?????

 

Congratulations!

Tabrik migam   ????? ?????

Enjoy! (for meals...)

Berma’id   ????????

I'd like to visit Iran one day

Man dost daram ke yek rooz be iran beram   ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???

Say hi to John for me

Be John salam?-e man ra beresoonid   ?? "???" ???? ?? ?? ???????

Bless you (when sneezing)

A’afiat bashe   ????? ????

Good night and sweet dreams!

Shab bekheyr va khab hay?-e khoob bebini

?? ?????? ? ???????? ??? ?????

Solving a Misunderstanding

 

I'm Sorry! (if you don't hear something)

Bebakhshid?   ???????

Sorry (for a mistake)

Bebakhshid   ??????

No Problem!

Moshkeli nist   ????? ????

Can You Say It Again?

Mishe tekrar konid?   ???? ????? ???? ?

Can You Speak Slowly?

Mishe ahesteh’tar sohbat konid   ???? ???????? ???? ????

Write It Down Please!

Lotfan yad’daasht konid   ???? ??????? ????

I Don't Understand!

Motavajjeh nemisham   ????? ???????

I Don't Know!

Nemidanam   ????????

I Have No Idea.

Nazari nadaram   ???? ?????

What's That Called In Farsi?

Be Farsi chi misheh?   ?? ????? ?? ??????

What Does "moshkeli" Mean In English?

“moshkeli” be engilisi chi misheh?   ?? ??????? ?? ?????? “moshkeli”

How Do You Say "Please" In Farsi?

Shoma “please” ro be farsi chi migin?

???????" ?? ?? ????? ?? ???????

What Is This?

In chieh?   ??? ????

My Farsi is bad.

Farsi?-e man bad ast   ????? ?? ?? ???

I need to practice my Farsi

Man bayad farsi ro bishtar tamrin konam

?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???

Don't worry!

Negaran nabashid   ????? ??????

Farsi Expressions and Words

 

Good/ Bad/ So-So.

Khoob/ bad/ motavaset   ??? / ?? / ?????

Big/ Small

Bozorg/ khoochak   ???? / ????

Today/ Now

Emrooz/ A’alan   ?????/ ????

Tomorrow/ Yesterday

Farda/ dirooz   ???? / ?????

Yes/ No

Baleh/ kheyr   ???/???

Here you go! (when giving something)

Befarmaid!   ????????

Do you like it?

Khoshet miad?   ???? ??????

I really like it!

Vaghe’an azash khosham miad   ????? ??? ???? ????

I'm hungry/ thirsty.

Man (Goshneh/ Teshneh) am   ?? "???? / ????" ??

In The Morning/ Evening/ At Night.

Sobh/ asr/ shab   ??? /??? / ??

This/ That. Here/There

In/ a’an. Inja/ A’anja   ??? / ?? . ????? / ????

Me/ You. Him/ Her.

Man/ to. Oo/ Oo (Him & Her are same)   ?? / ?? . ?? / ??

Really!

Vaghe’an!   ?????

Look!

Negah kon!   ???? ?? !

Hurry up!

Ajaleh kon!   ???? ?? !

What? Where?

Chi? Koja?   ??? ????

What time is it?

Sa’at chande?   ???? ?????

It's 10 o'clock. 07:30pm.

Sa’at dah. hafto si daghigheh ye asr   ???? 10.??? ? ?? ????? ???

Give me this!

Ino be man bede!   ???? ?? ?? ???

I love you!

Doset daram!   ???? ????

I feel sick.

Man marizam   ?? ?????

I need a doctor

Man be Doctor ehtiaj daram   ?? ?? ???? ?????? ????

One, Two, Three

Yek/ do/ seh    ?? / ?? / ??

Four, Five, Six

Chahar/ panj/ shesh   ???? / ??? / ??

Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten

Haft / hasht/ noh/ dah   ??? / ??? / ?? / ??

Numbers:

?English Numbers

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Persian Numbers

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

?

??

Persian Pronounciation

Sefr

Yek

Dow

Seh

Chahar

Panj

Shish

Haft

Hasht

Noh

Dah