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This cave is located in the heights facing the Haj Arah village of Zanjan. At present no road way facilities are provided and the only way to get there is to trek. This large cave has come about from limestone deposits. Remnants in these caves date back thousands of years at least 16-30000 years BC. Inside the cave some apparatus, tools, stone blades and even skeleton of hunted animals have been found. The focal point of interest is the fact that the prehistoric abided by certain limits regarding dwelling within these caves and defined limits in respect to each other, which throws light on. The architectural effects seen here reveals the insolation of their biosphere and determination of their living limits and properties.

 

This cave is located 140 km. south west of Zanjan, in the southern skirts of the Saqizloo Mountains. The inlet to this cave stands 6-8 m. above a dry river. The beauty of this cave is enhanced due to the formation of stalagmites and stalagmites because of calcified precipitation. Besides these are icicles suspended from the roof and these conical shaped hangings due to impurities are multicolored, whereas some are crystals clear. In the larger passages, a constant trickle of water has brought about the presence of beautiful designs notable shapes similar to a cauliflower (due to presence of calcified material, it resembles the same) these cauliflowers are also multi-colored. On the cave flooring a skeleton of a four legged animal, which has been converted to a calcified compound can also be noted. En route to this cave, leisure spots filled with natural beauty enhances the eye of the on looker, besides having rest-houses and places of pilgrimage.

 

This caravansary has been nearly destroyed completely and only part of it remains. It reveals the fact of being built with red brick and from architectural point of view it is a caravansary with four portico.

 

Kharmanehsar Cave is located in the heights of the Kharmanehsar Mountains in the village of Shah Neshan. A type of granite and white limestone have formed columns and hangings (Stalagtites and Stalagmites) very similar to those of a chandelier, suspended from the roof of the cave. Needless to say this natural feature has added to its beauty. There is a interwoven, window-like opening near the peak of the Kharmanehsar Mountain, but this inlet must not be mistaken for the actual mouth of the cave, as it has nothing to do with the same. Above the opening or mouth of the cave there is a large crevice resembling a room, around which are smaller crevices. These are nesting places for bats and such creatures who do not take long to make their appearance to ‘welcome’ a visitor on hearing footsteps. But on entering the cave, and after a short distance an approximately large space is encountered with, after which there comes a water-hole filled with clean, sparkling water.

 

Zanjan province has many ancient, historical bridges such as Meer Bahaudin Zanjan on the Zanjan Rood or Zanjan River. The Sandar Bridge south of the city of Zanjan and the Haj Seyed Mohammad Bridge south east of Zanjan which is a remnant of the Qajar era.

 
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