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The Tochal Ski Resort and Tele-cabin Complex it’s a popular and easily accessible ski field in Tehran, the Tochal Ski resort has snow for between six and eight month a year due to it’s height and Tochal Ski resort and Tele-cabin is a fourth highest ski field on earth.

Tochal tele-cabin and gondola lift

Tochal Telecabin is probably the world’s longest gondola lift lines with a length of 7500 meter, The Tochal Ski resort and telecabin project started in 1974 and has been open to the public since 1978. It starts at the Velenjak valley in north of Tehran at an altitude of 1900 meter. and ends at the last station at an altitude of 3740 meter, near the main ridge of Mount Tochal. This gondola lift is used for accessing ski resorts and other recreational centres on the mountain. Beautiful landscape, mountain fresh air and a multitude of fresh water springs adds to the freshness of the area. With upgrading the safety standards of telecabin lines, families and sportspeople can enjoy the telecabin ride and other facilities with joy and pleasure.

The gondola lift has four stations:

Station 1 is at an elevation of 1900 m. and located at the beginning of Velenjak valley at the end of the Velenjak Ave. Parking, inns and some other facilities are available.

Station 2 is at 2400 meter. and has very limited facilities.

Station 5 is at 2935 meter. There is a restaurant and a rescue centre. This station is in the middle of one of the ski slopes which is open only in mid-winter but rarely used. This station is also accessible through several climbing paths like Shirpala shelter, Osoon valley and Palang-chal shelter. In order to get to Station 7 you have to change here.

Station 7 is at 3740 meter. and very close to the Tochal main ridge. It is the last station of the gondola lift. This station is in the middle of the Tochal ski slope. The Tochal main peak is a 30-minute walk from this point. This station is also reachable from Hezar-cham climbing path from Station 5.

Tochal Ski field

The main ski slopes are located in Station 7 and at the Peak, This slope is started from the foot of Tochal at 3850 metres and ends in the Tochal Hotel at 3550 metres. The length of the slope is 1200 metres and the very suitable slope. There are one Doppel mayr lift and one tele-ski improvised in this ski slope, for transferring skiers. Because of the height of the ski slope in station 7 (more than 3,500 metres above sea level), similar to the Alvares Ski Resort in Sabalan, Azarbaijan, Iran, these slopes are covered with snow for more than 8 months during the year. Also Half Pipe is available for the customers in this ski slope.

Western Foothill: This slope is located on the western foothill of the Tochal Mountain and the unique views of the surrounding mountains have given it a spectacular manifestation. The length of the ski slope is 900 metres, the peak having 3,750 metres height, and its lowest spot (Tochal Hotel) is 3550 metres high. A Poma chairlift is built in this slope for skiers.

 

The Milad Tower (the world sixth’s tallest tower in Tehran) also Borj-e Milad in Farsi language, is an Architecture Sight in Tehran, Iran. The Milad Tower stand 435 high and is the sixth tallest tower in the world. The construction started in 1999 and ended in 2007, The Milad Tower located between the Shahrak-e Gharb and Gisha districts of Tehran.

As mentioned above, the Milad Tower it stands at 435 m (1,427 ft) from base to the tip of the antenna. The head consists of a large pod with 12 floors, the roof of which is at 315 m (1,033 ft). Below this is a staircase and elevators to reach the area.

Everything about Milad Tower

Milad Tower, with its height of 435 m (1,427 ft), is the tallest tower in Iran, the sixth tallest telecommunication tower in the world. Milad Tower consists of five main parts: foundation, transition (lobby) structure, shaft, head structure and antenna mast. The lobby structure consists of six floors. The first three floors consist of 63 trade units, 11 food courts, a cafeteria and a commercial products exhibition, which is supposed to be 260 m2 (2,800 sq ft).

The first and second floors of Milad Tower underground consist of official and installing sections and data center. The ground floor is devoted to the entrance and visitors reception. The shaft is a concrete structure which is 315 meter-high (1,033 ft) from the ground floor. In three different sides of it 6 elevators are used to transfer the visitors to the head of the tower at the speed of 7 m/s (0.0070 km/s) and there is an emergency staircase exists at the fourth side.

The head of the Milad Tower is a steel structure weighing about 25,000 tonnes and consisting of 12 floors. In the top floors of the tower, fire-immune areas were built as a refuge zone, a closed observation deck, a cafeteria, a public art gallery, an open observation deck, a revolving restaurant, telecommunication floors, a VIP restaurant, Mechanical floors, and a sky dome.

The four-stage antenna mast is 120 meter-high (390 ft). The lower floor of the mast is for the adjustment of public users’ telecommunication antennas and the three upper floors are devoted to the antenna of radio and television organisation of Iran.

Furthermore, the complex features a parking area of 27,000 m2 (290,000 sq ft), a large computer and telecommunications unit, a cultural and scientific unit, a commercial transaction centre, a temporary showroom for exhibiting products, a specialized library, an exhibition hall, and an administrative unit. Milad Tower has an octagonal base, symbolizing traditional Persian architecture.

The Azadi Tower also Borj-e Azadi in Farsi language, is the symbol of Tehran and is one of the Tehran Tourist Attraction as well, the Azadi tower is the “Y” shaped Tower built to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Persian Empire in 1971. The Azadi Tower in Tehran is included the underground gallery, Quran Museum, a cinema and the viewing platform.

Azadi tower, the symbol of Tehran

The Azadi Tower was built by architect, Hossein Amanat, won design the monument, which combines elements of Sassanid and Islamic architecture. Also, Azado Tower, is part of the Azadi cultural complex, located in Tehran’s Azadi Square in an area of some 50,000 m².

Azadi tower built with white marble stone from the Esfahan region, there are eight thousand blocks of stone. The stones were all located and supplied by Ghanbar Rahimi, whose knowledge of the quarries was second to none and who was known as “Soltan-e Sang-e Iran” . The shape of each block was calculated by computer, and programmed to include all the instructions for the building’s work. The actual construction of the tower was carried out, and supervised by Iran’s finest master stonemason, Ghaffar Davarpanah Varnosfaderani. The main financing was provided by a group of five hundred Iranian industrialists. The inauguration took place on October 16, 1971.

Like the City Theater, Carpet Museum and Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, the 50m-high structure is a mix of ‘60s modern architecture with traditional Iranian influences, most notably the iwan -style of the arch. inside you can see the complex structural engineering in concrete that forms the bones of architect Hossein Amanat’s design. The park surrounding the monument is a relative oasis compared with the maelstrom of traffic beyond.

You can reach the top by stairs or lift, and will probably be accompanied. To get to Azadi Tower, take Metro line 4 (light blue) to Meydan-e Azadi (don’t confuse it with the other Azadi station).

The National Jewels Museum Of Iran is the imperial crown jewels of Iran and it’s also one of the Tehran Tourist Attractions constitute the largest jewelry collection in the world. The National jewels Museum of Iran include several crowns and decorative thrones, 30 tiaras and numerous aigrettes, bejeweled swords and shields, as well as a vast number of unset precious gems.

What to see inside the National Jewels Museum of Iran?

The collection inside the National Jewels Museum of Iran includes numerous plates and other dining services cast in precious metals and encrusted with gems, and several other more unusual items (such as a gemstone globe) collected by the Iranian monarchy during its 2,500-year existence. The collection is housed at The Treasury of National Jewels, but is known colloquially as the Jewelry Museum. It is situated inside the Central Bank of Iran on Tehran’s Ferdowsi Avenue and next to German Embassy.

The museum is open to the public from 14:00 to 17:00, except on Thursdays and Fridays. The museum has guides with knowledge of Persian, English, French and Russian languages. There are also guide booklets available in English, Persian, French, Russian, German, Japanese and Arabic.

Most of the items now in the collection were acquired by the Safavid Dynasty, which ruled Iran from 1502 to 1736 AD. By 1729, however, after an internal struggle of nearly a decade, Nader Shah Afshar successfully drove the Afghans from Iran. In 1738, the Shah launched his own campaign against the Afghan homeland, raiding the cities of Kandahar and Kabul as well as several principalities in northern India, and sacking Delhi in India.

The victorious Nader Shah returned to Iran with what remained of the plundered crown jewels as well as several other precious objects now found in the Iranian Treasury. These included several heavily jewel-encrusted thrones and numerous diamonds, emeralds, rubies, sapphires and other precious gemstones.
Works of European painters presented to the Qajar court are housed in the Hoze Khane, The Hoze Khane was used as a summer chamber during the Qajar ear. A special cooling system pumped water form a subterranean system of streams (qanats) and in this case the king’s qanat into small ponds inside the chambers. Hoz means pool, thus the name Hoz Khane. The system was designed to pass through as many summer rooms as was necessary. The water was then channeled outside to irrigate the royal gardens.

Four of the most prominent acquisitions from this conquest were the Kouh-e-Nour (Mountain of Light) that is now part of the British Royal treasure, andDarya-ye Nour (Sea of Light) diamonds (both originating from India and still among the largest in the world), the Peacock Throne.

In 1937, during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi, ownership of the Imperial treasury was transferred to the state. The jewels were placed in the vaults of the National Bank of Iran, where they were used as collateral to strengthen the financial power of the institution and to back the national monetary system

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