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The Golestan National Park is the first Iranian National Park that is situated in the jurisdiction of Golestan, Semnan and Khorassan provinces. This park because of its natural values like verdant and virgin forest and different species of flora and fauna is one of the famous areas in Iran and the world. This park has been a protected area since 1957 under the name of “Almeh” and “Yashki” and in 1976, these two parts combined and became the Golestan National Park with 91,890 hectares in area. This park is formed of slightly sloping hills and high calcareous rocks. Its climate is very damp and in some places dry. Some important areas around the Golestan National Park are: Loweh, Dasht, Takhteh Iran, Yan Bolaq, Gildaq and the Qorkhoud protected areas. The most important animals of the Golestan National Park are: Rabbit, tiger, golden eagle, wolf, fox, panther, bear, sable wild cat, wild goat, wild pig (bore), gazelle, ram, deer, venison, kinds of snake, kinds of fish, black dall, delijeh, pray birds etc. Most important plants of this park are: fig, mulberry, wild pear, walnut, raspberry, barberry, different medicinal plants etc.

 

The Ziyarat Village is situated at the distance of 12 km. to the south of Gorgan and has damp climate. The Ziyarat River crosses this village in east. The Poshteh Kamar and Sefidab Mountains are situated in the northwest and Khaloudareh is to the east of this village. These rivers, mountains, valleys, plants and wildlife are attractive and offer natural views around this village and the old mosque and Imamzadeh Abdollah are the religious sites of this place.

 

The Gulf of Gorgan is the largest Gulf in the Caspian Sea. It has been created due to the expansion of Mian Kaleh peninsula in southeast of the Caspian Sea. The Gulf of Gorgan covers an area of about 400 km. and its length is about 70 km. in an east-west direction. Its maximum depth is 4 meters and this depth increases from west to east till the southern side of Ashouradeh peninsula. In the western part its salinity is more than salinity of the Caspian Sea because of its reducing depth and increase of evaporation. Due to the presence of sweet water of the gushing rivers like Qarah Soo, the salinity of water is reduced and the water becomes muddier. Generally the water entrance capacity is less than its exit and its water shortage is supplemented by the Caspian Sea.

 

This mountain is 37 km. to the south of Gorgan and 6 km. to the southeast of the lower Shahkooh Village and its height is 3,813 meters. Gavkoshan is where the Sar Tangeh, Chahardeh, Toroudbar Rivers take their source. Its northern skirts are imminent with Gorgan township and its southern skirts are imminent with Shahrood and Damqan in Semnan province and have beautiful views.

 

This complex is situated in the southern side of the Atrak River and includes Almagol, Alagol, Inchehboroun, Bibi Shirvan, Ajigol, Namak and Daneshmand Wet Lands. Their total area is about 1,250 hectares. Some of these wet lands like the Alagol, has been registered and has important biological affects. The distance between the wetlands is short and experiences a warm Mediterranean climate, which has hot-dry summers and mild winters. There are kinds of immigrating birds like swans, geese, heron etc. in these wetlands who spend the winter here. The annual hunting season is from autumn till the end of winter and on Wednesdays and Fridays. Its fish are Koli, Orange, Simparak and Glass fish. These wetland regions present rest houses in a landscape of vast pastures, wildlife, and other tourist facilities.

 
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